|Who Dat? Relative Pronouns.|
What are French Relative Pronouns?
Relative pronouns help combine two ideas together into one sentence, typically by representing a word from another clause (known as the antecedent). In English, relative pronouns sometimes can be omitted, however they cannot be in French. Have a look at the following sentences:
L'homme qui parle est le président, Barack Obama.
The man who is talking is the president, Barack Obama.
Le roman que j'ai lu était envoûtant.
The novel (that) I read was magical.
In French, we have relative pronouns such as que, qui, dont, lequel, and où. We'll discuss when to use each of these reflexive pronouns below.
Qui can refer to people or things and is used as the subject of a dependent clause. Because qui becomes the subject of the sentence it is always followed by a conjugated verb and must agree in number with the antecedent it is referring to.
On critique les films qui montrent trop de nudité.
People criticize films that display too much nudity.
**Note that because the word films is plural, we need to use the 3rd person plural of the verb montre.
Napoléon était un homme qui a réussi tout seul.
Napoleon was a self-made man. (literally: Napoleon was a man who had succeeded alone).
Keep in mind that qui does not drop the "i" during an elision. Look at the example above. Despite two vowels being next to one another, the words remain as "qui a" and not "